Sources

Homepage

  1. RYDER, M. 2005

  2. University of Southampton, Journal of Clinical Microbiology, Oct 2006

  3. CDC Guidelines for Disinfection and Sterilization in Healthcare Facilities, 2008

  4. ESGE-ESGENA guidelines: Cleaning and disinfection in gastrointestinal endoscopy, 2008

  5. Emerging Infectious Diseases, Vol. 7, No. 2, March–April 2001 / Marion, Freney, James, Bergeron, Renaud, Costerton : Using an efficient biofilm detaching agent: an essential step for the improvement of endoscope reprocessing protocols. Journal of Hospital Infection (2006) 64, 136 – 142

  6.  Rendueles , O. & Ghigo , J.-M. Multi-species biofilms: how to avoid unfriendly neighbors . FEMS Microbiol . Rev. 36, 972‑989 (2012). 
  7.  Flemming et al., 2016  Update of recommendations to reduce the risk of transmission of unconventional transmissible agents during invasive procedures.  BO Santé – Protection sociale –2012 
  8.  Flemming , H.-C. et al. Biofilms: an emergent form of bacterial life. Nat. Rev. Microbiol . 14, 563‑575 (2016). 
  9.  Smith, K. & Hunter, I. S. Efficacy of common hospital biocides with biofilms of multi-drug resistant clinical isolates. J. Med. Microbiol . 57, 966‑973 (2008). / Vickery, K. et al. Presence of biofilm containing viable multiresistant organisms despite terminal cleaning on clinical surfaces in an intensive care unit. J. Hosp. Infect. 80, 52‑5 (2012). / Alfa, M. J. & Howie, R. Modeling microbial survival in buildup biofilm for complex medical devices. BMC Infect. Dis. 9, 56 (2009)

biofilm education

  1. Marion, Freney, James, Bergeron, Renaud, Costerton : Using an efficient biofilm detaching agent: an essential step for the improvement of endoscope reprocessing protocols.  Journal of Hospital Infection (2006) 64, 136 – 141

  2. Rendueles, O. & Ghigo, J.-M. Multi-species biofilms: how to avoid unfriendly neighbors. FEMS Microbiol. Rev. 36, 972‑989 (2012).

  3. Allison D G, Gilbert P, Lappin-Scott H M,  Wilson  M : Community Structure and Co-operation in Biofilms.  Cambridge University Press, October 2000

  4. Donlan R M : Biofilm and Device-Associated Infections.  Emerging Infectious Diseases, Vol. 7, No. 2, March–April 20011

  5. Konopka A., 2009

  6. Rasmussen TB, Givskov M. Int J Med Microbiol 296(2–3):149–161 (2006).

  7. Berry et al, 2009 ; Gagnon et al, 2008 ; Norton et al, 2004 ; Williams et Braun-Howland, 2003

  8. Smith, K. & Hunter, I. S. Efficacy of common hospital biocides with biofilms of multi-drug resistant clinical isolates. J. Med. Microbiol. 57, 966‑973 (2008). / Vickery, K. et al. Presence of biofilm containing viable multiresistant organisms despite terminal cleaning on clinical surfaces in an intensive care unit. J. Hosp. Infect. 80, 52‑5 (2012). / Alfa, M. J. & Howie, R. Modeling microbial survival in buildup biofilm for complex medical devices. BMC Infect. Dis. 9, 56 (2009)

  9. CDC Guidelines for Disinfection and Sterilization in Healthcare Facilities, 2008

  10. ESGE-ESGENA guidelines: Cleaning and disinfection in gastrointestinal endoscopy, 2008

Endoscopy

  1. Direction Générale de la Santé, France, mar 2007

  2. Kovaleva et Al., 2013

  3. CDC GUIDELINES FOR DISINFECTION AND STERILIZATION IN HEALTHCARE FACILITIES, 2008

  4. Alfa et al. 2006. American Journal of Infection Control, 34 (9), 561-570

  5. Alfa quoting Spach et al.

  6. Buss et al., 2008, Kovalera et al., 2009

  7. CSS, BE: Recommandationsd’entretien du matérielendoscopique et de prévention des infections –2010

    1. Muscarella LF. 2014. Risk of transmission of carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae and related “superbugs” during gastrointestinal endoscopy. World J. Gastrointest. Endosc. 6:457–74.

    2. Kovaleva J, Peters FTM, van der Mei HC, Degener JE. 2013. Transmission of infection by flexible gastrointestinal endoscopy and bronchoscopy. Clin. Microbiol. Rev. 26:231–54.

    3. CDC and Prevention, Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report:  Notes from the Field: New Delhi Metallo-beta-Lactamase-Producing Escheria coli Associated with Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography – Illinois, 2013

    4. Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology (Oct 2013) : Outbreak of Escheria coli Infections Associated with a Contaminated Transesophageal Echocardiography (TEE) Probe.

    5. Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection of three successive patients within a few days in spite of reprocessing; Bronowicki JP, Venard V, Botte C, Monhoven N, Gastin I, Chone L, Hudziak H, Rihn B, Delanoe C, LeFaou A, Bigard MA, Gaucher P: Patient -to patient transmission of hepatitis C virus during colonoscopy. N Engl J Med 1997, 337:237-240.

    6. Superbug linked to 2 deaths at UCLA hospital; 179 potentially exposed (LA Times, February 18 2015)

    7. Diagnostic disaster: Second Ca. hospital reports superbug outbreak (http://rt.com/238161-california-superbug-outbreak-scopes

Surgical instruments

  1. UNIVERSITY OF SOUTHAMPTON, JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MICROBIOLOGY, OCT 2006

  2. CDC guidelines

  3. ESGE-ESGENA guidelines: Cleaning and disinfection in gastrointestinal endoscope, 2008

  4. CSS, BE: Recommandationsd’entretien du matérielendoscopique et de prévention des infections –2010

  5. ANSI/AAMI ST79:2010, Patient Safety Advisory, Pennsylvania PSRS

  6. Berk et al. 2012

  7. BO Santé - Protection sociale - 2012

DENTAL

  1. CDC guidelines

  2. ESGE-ESGENA guidelines: Cleaning and disinfection in gastrointestinal endoscope, 2008

  3. CSS, BE: Recommandationsd’entretien du matérielendoscopique et de prévention des infections –2010

"World health authorities estimate 10 million deaths a year will be caused by antimicrobial resistant superbugs by 2050, compared to 8.2 million from cancer" said UQ School of Medicine and Pharmacy Professor Jason Roberts.